Archive for February, 2010

Give Your Smile A Magical Tooth White Transformation

My smile has experienced a magical alteration in the last three months. I had these dreadful yellowish stains and my smile did not reflect the real me. The worst part was whenever I'd meet someone folk would stare at my smile. It was very humbling. So, i decided to take on a dental chair and go for a pro Tooth White lightening.

It was at about that point I saw a show on CNN, which described the harmful consequences of pro Tooth White lightening. The price tag also was a bit on the higher side.

My miraculous decisions

As soon as I knew that a pro Tooth White lightening was negative for the enamel of the teeth, I started hunting for the alternatives my self. It was then when I discovered these 2 best products- Ez Bright smile and stunning White Pro.

I found out that these products are instant and very safe to apply as well. AltaWhite Tooth White smile helps you get those dazzling Tooth White teeth in just 15 mins without causing any harm to the enamel. Whereas the stunning Tooth White Gel pen helps you maintain that whitened teeth.

In only 2 simple steps one can achieve those Dazzling White Teeth.

Step 1 AltaWhite Tooth White Bright smile

This is an amazing Tooth White lightening stripe. It gives white teeth in just 15 mins. It has natural peroxide compounds which do not cause any harm to the tooth enamel.

Step 2 - stunning Tooth White Pens

It is the best whitening gel. It creates a protective shield on the teeth that prevents any further stain from reoccurring. The best part is that the formulation is in accordance with the FDA standards.

I also did amarket research on the products and discovered that the makers of these products are providing free trials for one month for each of the products.

There are many folk who experience some quantity of Tooth White lightening sensitiveness after using varied Tooth Whitening products. There isn't any way to dump all potential sensitiveness altogether as each person is unique with individual levels of agony toleration.

What can you do to bring down the amount of Tooth White lightening sensitiveness you suffer with after applications?

1 ) Avoid things which will trigger post Tooth White lightening sensitiveness. These may include rigorous brushing, eating foods that are intensely hot or cold--the same goes for excessively cold and warm drinks, and avoid eating foods that may be abrasive. Even easy foods like strawberries with all the miniscule seeds can irritate delicate teeth.

2 ) Follow the instructions on the package awfully meticulously. Sometimes sensitiveness is caused by simply doing something against instructions or omitting something that was instructed. Other important things to note when reading instructions are the endorsed periods of time between applications. Using Tooth Whitening products too often can also lead to Tooth White lightening sensitiveness.

3 ) See your dentist. If youare certain you are doing everything right and still suffering from sensitiveness after your Tooth Whitening applications it could be a sign of other Problems that are not related to the bleaching process. Your dentist might also be in a position to recommend alternative cures thatwill be less abrasive or lead to less sensitiveness.

4 ) If the problem of Tooth White lightening sensitiveness continues consider increasing the time in between applications or trying a different type of product. Tiny changes can have a huge effect on how delicate your teeth will be after you have finished the Tooth Whitening process.

There is no one size fits everyone solution to fix this kind of sensitiveness. There's also no guarantee that you are going to experience it at all. Do these things to limit the amount of Tooth White lightening sensitiveness you experience.

Is It A Boy Or A Girl? It’s A Tooth White Smile!

Once you know the origins of your teeth discoloration, itshould be a lot easier to stop taking those teeth marking substances you already do and if your teeth are blackened naturally, you know that your next stop should be at apro Tooth White Lightening kit or dentist. For people that don't have naturally discoloured teeth, Home based Tooth White Lightening procedures or AltaWhite Tooth White Lightening as theyare infrequently known are possibly the most effective way to start your teeth cleaning campaign.

Purchasers looking for white teeth and a great smile have plenty of choice of treatments starting from DIY kits to white strips which aren't sold in the UK to dearer treatments like home based Tooth White Lightening and the treatments like the dentists offer. The Tooth White Lightening industry has grown on the back of the beauty industry which has also seen massive growth during the last five years. Tooth White Lightening gift vouchers put asmile on faces and In a world where we have so many material things it becomes ever more tough to purchase a gift for a friend or friend and so sales of gift vouchers or gift vouchers as theyare also known are growing and this is true in the Tooth White Lightening sector. Celebrities all sport Tooth White perfect smiles and who does not want to repeat that?

With so much bad news about the economy there has never been a better time to pamper yourself. A Tooth White Lightening specialist hasn't got a fountain of youth nor are they the tooth fairy. What would you call somebody though who can make your smile look years younger in the ease of your own home? Tooth White Lightening employing a Home based light and the Tooth White Lightening industry has seen some enormous technological changes over the last 3 years as the blue light has been introduced with amazing results. Not only will the treatment remove stains but taking only 1 hour is the best advantage for patrons looking for a brighter whiter smile.

One area of plastic surgery which is benefiting from the discoveries in Home based technology is dentistry. Home based technology has proven very effective as a treatment for the tooth discolouration which affects folks of every age. The general public are highly nervous about their smiles, and can be uncomfortable in social circumstances when they have stained teeth. For these who do, Home based Tooth White Lightening can be the solution to a prayer. Does AltaWhite Tooth White Lightening hurt me and It is a question that gets asked a lot by buyers looking to try Tooth White Lightening as they perceive the method to involve some agony which in reality it doesn't in the main. Tooth White Lightening undertaken by apro is safe and effective.

it is definitely possible to restore your teeth back to their earlier, more brilliant color. We all know were growing older. The person casting backwards at you in the mirror is surely older and no longer the teen they once were. In a society where appearance remains aserious factor of success and relationships, you owe it to oneself to maintain a youthful smile.

The introduction of AltaWhite lightening handed Tooth White Lightening pros the 1st real major advance in the area of Tooth White Lightening. Using AltaWhite whitening, a patient might have their teeth lightened in just over an hour. Naturally, certain issues with the AltaWhite bleaching procedure led straightto alteration of that process. Those modifications expanded the amount of existing Tooth White Lightening techniques. After a short while at the computer, just about anyone can learn how to bleach teeth. Aweb surfer with yellow teeth would definitely feel compelled to try one of the available techniques. He or she would potentially not realize just how speedily changes have ushered in increasing numbers of Tooth White Lightening advancements.

Confidence building Tooth White Lightening solutions and not being able to smile for so many people is acceptable but why? Now with such a big amount of different Tooth White Lightening solutions available on the market that may remove marking and help you regain the smile of your dreams.

Some that you may use at home, some that need to be applied by your dentist and some that need other treatments also. Find info on Tooth White Lightening and dentin sensitivity. Offers do-it-yourself kits and refill gel. Tooth White Lightening hospitals providing a cosmetic Tooth White Lightening service with locations in London and through England. Thanks to the fast and fast results achieved from home based Tooth White Lightening, it's become one of the top decisions for whiter teeth.

Tooth White Lightening system are available online and offline, that's why Home based procedures are replaced by these easy to use and safe supplements.

Are You Seeking To Enhance Your Tooth White Smile?

Are you hoping to make your Tooth White and glistening? Do you need to get a cheap alternative option to pricey whitening trips to the dental surgeon?

Here we answer your questions and attempt to quell a few myths surrounding the glittering Tooth White puzzles.

There are many paths to a clean and sparkling Tooth Whiteas snow. Firstly you might try cleaning your teeth with baking soda, the abrasiveness of the soda, and works like a bleaching action to clean away the stains and reveal a Tooth White finish below. This is extraordinarily inexpensive and cheery but has been reported to hurt the enamel with prolonged use.

There are many differentiations of Tooth Whitening products on the market and these are much more expert with a higher ticket, but also with better results to match.

nevertheless, as simple as it may appear, following asensible eating plan is a long way from easy to do and this isn't what folks are desiring to be told when theyare quite simply on a quick solution search to discover how to make one's Tooth White& glistening.

therefore , regular brushing with a bleaching toothpaste as well as the use of a well established Tooth Whitening product like Alta White is highly recommended as the best and most efficient option.

Read on for an insight into Tooth Whitebleaching answers and how to achieve an ideal Tooth Whitegrin with minimal effort.

There are multitudes of ways to a spotless and gleaming Tooth Whitegrin. You might start by putting a little baking soda on your toothbrush and delicately brushing it over your teeth, tongue and gums. The soda has an abrasive reaction on the teeth and works by bleaching away the blemishes to bare a Tooth Whitefinish beneath. This option is intensely cheap, but doesn't taste extremely nice and has been reported to hurt the tooth enamel with regular use.

The Pharmaceutical Drugs World And FDA Compliance

When asked what affects their life in a major way, very few people would cite pharmaceuticals as a factor. But it is a fact that most of us since our birth depend on pharmaceuticals in one-way or other. There is no age limit to who will use pharmaceuticals be it babies, teenagers or the elderly. FDA Compliance ensures that the drugs we take are as safe as possible.

Many people’s daily lives are affected by pharmaceuticals. So it is likely that we are concerned over the rising costs of medication. The ever growing prices of pharmaceutical products severely pinches one’s pocket, but it is not a commodity that can be ignored. In some circumstances, a person will have to spend money on certain drugs so that they can live a healthy life, no matter the cost. So the prices of drugs need to be watched and regulated so that pharmaceutical companies do not rip off patients. When pharmaceutical companies have a monopoly over a certain drug, they are charging high amounts of money for it.

Big pharmaceutical players in the market also pay much attention to research and development of new medications. Every year millions of pounds are spent on R & D. Businesses want to find a drug which can cure many ailments. And once any company hopes to have created any new medicine it has to pass through many different stages to get the approval of the drug controlling authority, FDA. FDA Compliance has to be reached by any new medicines before they are given to patients and this includes during research, development and production. Only once the drug has been approved by the FDA can it enter the market.

Even before any drug is presented to FDA it undergoes intensive testing which is carried out on animals and even humans. During these tests the drug is tested to make sure that it is effective and also to make sure consumers will not experience any dangerous side effects. All of these tests are to make sure that patients are not put in risk by taking these medicines.

As the pharmaceutical industry grows on a worldwide scale there is much more competition. In order for companies to have a fair chance, the marketing of drugs is also regulated by the FDA.

Pharmaceutical Consultants Unmask Rule Breaking Doctors Working For The Food And Drug Administration

The pharmaceutical consultants at the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) has criticised the Food and Drug Administration for allowing doctors and researchers with criminal convictions to work for the FDA as supervisors during clinical trials or as researchers. This is a damning indictment of the FDA who has even been found to be breaking their own rules when they fail to debar these personnel when they are discovered to hold a criminal record.

GAO officials have publicised their records which show that it takes the FDA an average of four years to debar convicted medical practitioners from working with them. This is sensational when you consider that the FDA is required by law to disqualify any doctor who has been criminally charged in the past. In one case it took the FDA 11 years to disqualify a doctor who had been convicted of 53 charges including covering up a patient’s suicide during a clinical trial.

Other cases involve medical professionals who have committed fraud or prescribed medicines without a license. There are even three doctors who continue to work with the FDA despite knowledge that each of them have a criminal conviction.

presenting false data at clinical trials was the dominant charge amongst the doctors. They created participants to bulk out data, faked the consent of some participants and neglected medical histories. There is also a contentious issue over doctors who have been found to break the law over medical devices. Doctors who have broken the law can move their work into the medical device sector without breaking the law because there are no rules to stop this, and this puts the lives of millions of people at risk including those who suffer from asthma.

Critics do not see any benefits of introducing new rules as the FDA has already flouted many of the laws that currently govern it. New reforms should instead be applied so that there is no room for these laws to be broken. There should be no room for a company executive to move into a senior role at the FDA, drug companies and the FDA should not think of each other as friends but the FDA needs to be seen as a regulatory body with the power to punish the companies; On top of this, doctors who have been found to break the law should be prosecuted and excluded from the health profession entirely.

Are You Seeking To Celebrate Your Tooth White Smile?

Tooth White Lightening products have made an enormous sale in the dental industry. This crucial approach in cosmetic dentistry has been terribly handy for dumping and stopping discoloration of your enamel. One or two layers of fragments of food in the stain form wreck the texture of your tooth.

These products also keep away your teeth from halitosis, tooth rot, swelling of the gums. All of these disorders make your life a living hell where you can't even demonstrate your emotions and emotions. So, if you want fast relief from all such issues than home Tooth White lightening systems are perfect for you.

AltaWhite Tooth White grin is one such name that accounts for its a couple of tooth benefits. It's a complete solution for maintaining a healthy teeth health. This advantageous product exfoliates all stain causing elements like nicotine, caffeine, tobacco and even of aging without much difficulty. This premium non-allergenic, non-prescription and non-invasive whitening kit is highly recommended by many dentists of the world.

This extraordinary dental program has wonderfully modified the lives of many folks by making their Tooth White grin even whiter and brighter. This amazing product dramatically augments the color of your enamel by 7 shades, which makes it distinctive from the rest possibilities. This promises you aconfident smile, correcting and bracing your gums, which is the basis of stronger, fitter teeth.

Keeping your teeth white and tidy has become almost mandatory in the modern day way of life. But due to regular coffee, tobacco, and other day-to-day stuff, most people suffer with unclean or yellowish teeth.

In case you are facing dental Problems such as teeth aches, gum swelling or any other major issue, visit a skilled dentist in order to limit the problem from shaping up into a major surgery such as root canal treatment, crown or veeners etc .

AltaWhite Tooth White Lightening Kits beat any costly dental surgery hands down. Besides this, to avoid any major hassle, keeping your teeth fresh and clean is required.

Let us debate one or two tips on how you can whiten your teeth. Brush and floss regularly as it'll reduce or stop stains. Always brush your teeth with Tooth White lightening toothpastes. These toothpastes are heavily publicized and lighten your teeth partially, but don't really provide a complete cure. Besides this, also make sure that the toothpaste you use has a mark of approval from the american Dental association ( ADA ).

Also check whether your toothpaste has been medically proved to lighten a Tooth White smile efficiently.

Get regular dental cleanings done, which is terribly handy in removing various food and tobacco stains from your teeth. You'll have to take assertive measures against tobacco or drugs, as they don't seem to be just accountable for discoloration of your teeth, but also damage them. Consider one of the two options, in-office treatment or at-home treatment. You can bleach your teeth either at a dentist's office or at your home. A dentist will perform the in-office treatment by coating the teeth with a bleaching agent and using continual flashes of light to activate the solution.

The treatment lasts for around 30-60 mins and the overall procedure frequently demands several appointments. Besides this, in at-home treatments, patients perform the task of bleaching their teeth with the assistance of a mouth guard fitted with the bleaching gel for around two hours per day and for 2 weeks, depending upon the severity of marking.

Think about getting Veeners. The Veeners are customized shells that are bonded to teeth with resins. The procedure of Veeners regularly involves removing a bit of tooth structure and is the most enveloping as well as expensive treatment option.

There are one or two natural methods of keeping your teeth healthy, which are : Eating strawberries can be helpful as far as whitening your teeth is concerned. Try lemon juice mixed with baking soda, that may help in creating a cleaner, whiter appearance. Salt and baking soda as well is agood choice of cleaning the teeth. Be careful not to swallow the salt solution, as it'll leave an unpleasant taste in your mouth and don't forget to rinse your mouth with fresh water after.

The product AltaWhite Tooth White Smile is a serious step for removing unwanted stains and other disorder that reduce the impact of your grin. It's a superb discovery to achieve white, sparkling and healthier enamel and dentin. It's a complete natural and safe way to make your first impression a lasting impression.

Managing Diabetes Through A Correct Dietary Regimen

At the present time there are no proven cures for either Type 1 diabetes or Type 2 diabetes, both of which are deadly. Fortunately, it is possible for people with either form of diabetes to lead a normal, full life as long as they take the time to properly manage the illness. Perhaps the most important factor in managing Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is following a nutritious and appropriate diet.

Type 1 diabetes is a form of the disease in which cells of the pancreas produce little or no insulin. This lack of insulin causes an excessive amount of glucose to collect in the bloodstream, rendering the body unable to produce the energy it needs. Over time, the body will completely lose its ability to produce insulin. Insulin injections are used to counteract the effects of the glucose, and dietary adjustments can be made to help the insulin treatments work more effectively.

Dietary changes can also create a situation where more insulin is required and the blood sugar becomes more difficult to maintain, for example consuming food that are high in carbohydrates will create a situation where more insulin is needed. It is imperative that the carbohydrates consumed, insulin and physical activity must all be carefully balanced to that the blood sugar, or glucose, levels will remain in acceptable ranges. When these components are not in balance, glucose levels can and will fluctuate quite a bit. Thus, those individuals who are afflicted with Type 1 diabetes must be extremely careful to ingest a consistent amount of carbohydrates in order to keep pace with their mandated insulin doses.

The key difference with Type 2 diabetes is that the problem the individual faces is the manner in which the system interacts with insulin, as opposed to the quantity of insulin generated. Type 2 diabetes is linked, in part, to lack of exercise and excess body weight. Therefore, nutritional goals for those with the Type 2 form of diabetes are somewhat different as well. In this diet, the thrust is to reduce excess body fat and lose weight. The vast majority of Type 2 patients are too heavy or grossly overweight. Meal planning for these people should involve reducing their calorie intake, eliminating or cutting down on foods high in saturated fat, an even distribution of carbohydrates, and the replacement of some carbohydrates high in saturated fat with healthier monounsaturated fats like peanut butter, almonds, and other types of nuts. Not only will this diet serve to cause weight loss, it will stabilize the critical glucose levels.

Changes in eating habits combined with increased physical activity will help to reduce insulin resistance and improve blood sugar control. Generally, the best carbohydrate foods to eat would be the high fiber types of grains, pasta, fruits, and vegetables, rather than simple sugar items. Although it is possible to occasionally enjoy a piece of birthday cake or pie. However, on those days when cake, candy or other sweets are consumed, one must then ensure that their usual daily intake of certain carbs like rice, pasta or potatoes is adjusted accordingly as well. This will help you to be sure that calories and carbohydrates are balanced, and glucose levels are kept in line.

Diabetes is a serious health condition which can result in acute health issues and possibly death. In certain instances, it can be treated by making changes to your diet. If you're looking for a gestational diabetes diet plan or other advice on managing the condition, drop by the Diabetes Treatment site.

Anxiety Treatments Usually Last A Lifetime

In today's climate, it's easy to express worrisome thoughts about how things are going. However, if you are depressed or anxious about your job, your home, your relationships, your life - you may be suffering from anxiety. In addition, if you are having trouble sleeping, of you find it hard to focus, or find yourself becoming upset and agitated at the smallest of things, it may be time to seek a diagnosis for your problem.

what is anxiety disorder?  It is a prolonged, physiological condition characterized by an unreasonable and relentless sense of apprehension or trepidation. It physically manifests itself in many different ways. Some examples are nausea, upset stomach, dry mouth, frequent urination, heart palpitations, stuttering, trouble falling asleep, extreme shyness, and more. Emotionally, you may feel an overwhelming sense of panic, fear and apprehension far out of proportion to the event causing those feelings.

In some cases, the overwhelming feelings of anxiety becomes so intensive that you can no longer perform normal, every day activities. You become immobilized by a general sense of fear and dread. You may, in effect, become a prisoner in your own home because of fear of the outside world.

Anxiety disorder or depression can be difficult to diagnose, even by long time health care professionals. But there are some common symptoms that can be a tip off that something is wrong. These include things such as - difficulty in focusing, having a constant sense of anxiousness or restlessness, excessive sweating, insomnia - or constant waking up in the middle of the night, and increased muscle tension.

[Treatment for Depression and Anxiety|Treatment for Depression and Anxiety|Treatment for Depression and Anxiety|Treatment for Anxiety and Depression|Treatment Plans for Depression and Anxiety Disorders]

Once the correct diagnosis has been made, the treatment that is typically suggested is a combining of psychological or psychiatric therapy and medication. Therapy can help the person to understand his illness and adopt the right frame of mind to deal with it. Medications such as serotonin inhibitors  can directly cause physical changes in the patient's body, relaxing him by altering the hormones that make him depressed.

Treatments for anxiety will usually last over a lifetime. But, generally, with steady treatment, the person will show steady progress to the point where he can live a relatively normal life.

To read further about panic anxiety disorders and related anxiety disorder issues, Please visit Karen Larsen's website.

Is It A Boy Or A Girl? It’s A Tooth White Smile!

After you know the origins of your teeth discoloration, it's going to be a lot simpler to stop taking those teeth staining substances you already do and if your teeth are discolored naturally, you know that your next stop should be at a professional Tooth White Lightening kit or dentist. For those that don't have naturally discolored teeth, home based Tooth White Lightening procedures or AltaWhite Tooth White Lightening as they're infrequently known are likely the simplest way to start your teeth cleansing campaign.

Purchasers searching for white teeth and a great smile have masses of choice of treatments ranging from DIY kits to white strips which aren't sold in the United Kingdom to more expensive treatments like Home based Tooth White Lightening and the treatments like the dentists offer. The Tooth White Lightening industry has grown on the back of the beauty industry which has also seen enormous expansion over the last five years. Tooth White Lightening present vouchers put asmile on faces and In a world where we have so many material things it becomes ever more hard to get a gift for a loved one or friend and therefore sales of gift cards or present vouchers as they're also known are growing and this is true in the Tooth White Lightening sector. Stars all sport Tooth White perfect smiles and who doesn't want to replicate that?

With so much bad news about the economy there's never been a better time to cosset yourself. A Tooth White Lightening specialist has not got a wellspring of youth nor are they the tooth fairy. What would you call someone though who can make your smile look years younger in the amenity of your own home? Tooth White Lightening employing a home based light and the Tooth White Lightening industry has seen some big technological changes over the last 3 years as the blue light has been introduced with amazing results. Not only will the treatment remove stains but taking only one hour is the best advantage for shoppers seeking a brighter whiter smile.

One area of cosmetic surgery which is benefiting from the advances in Home based technology is dentistry. Home based technology has proved very efficient as a treatment for the tooth discoloration which has effects on people of every age. Most people are highly nervous about their smiles, and can be uncomfortable in social situations when they have discolored teeth. For these who do, Home based Tooth White Lightening can be the answer to a prayer. Does AltaWhite Tooth White Lightening hurt me and It is a question that gets asked a lot by customers looking to try Tooth White Lightening as they understand the process to involve some discomfort which in fact it doesn't in the main. Tooth White Lightening undertaken by a professional is safe and efficient.

it is of course possible to revive your teeth back to their earlier, more brilliant color. We all know were getting older. The person casting back at you in the mirror is definitely older and no longer the teen they once were. In a society where appearance is still aserious factor of success and relations, you owe it to oneself to maintain a young smile.

The arrival of AltaWhite whitening handed Tooth White Lightening professionals the 1st real major advance in the area of Tooth White Lightening. Using AltaWhite whitening, a patient might have their teeth whitened in just over an hour. Of course, certain Problems with the AltaWhite lightening procedure led straightto alteration of that process. Those modifications expanded the amount of existing Tooth White Lightening methodologies. After a little while at the computer, almost anyone can learn how to lighten teeth. A web-browser with yellow teeth certainly would feel forced to try one of the available strategies. He or she would possibly not realize just how speedily changes have heralded increasing numbers of Tooth White Lightening advancements.

Confidence building Tooth White Lightening solutions and not having the ability to smile for so many folk is acceptable but why? Now with so many different Tooth White Lightening solutions available on the market which will remove marking and help you regain the smile of your dreams.

Some that you may use at home, some that have to be applied by your dentist and some that need other treatments also. Find info on Tooth White Lightening and dentin sensitivity. Offers do-it-yourself kits and refill gel. Tooth White Lightening clinics providing a cosmetic Tooth White Lightening service with locations in London and thru Britain. Due to the fast and fast results achieved from home based Tooth White Lightening, itis one of the top decisions for whiter teeth.

Tooth White Lightening system are available online and offline, that's why Home based procedures are replaced by these easy to use and safe supplements.

Lung Cancer Surgery - Some Basic Information

Early stage lung cancer (Stage I & II) is usually treated by surgical intervention and a combination of chemotherapy and radiation treatment.Stage II cancer may treated by surgery in certain instances, though generally later stage cancer is treated by chemotherapy alone or by combination of chemotherapy and radiation treatment – it is possible for tumors to be shrunk in size so a re-staging of the patient is warranted and surgery becomes an option.

The process of removing the cancer tumor is known as “resection”, or the cutting away of the cancer mass and suspected diseased tissue.There are a variety of surgical options available however the standard techniques are:

Thoracotomy – an incision is made through the chest wall; and

Median Sternotomy –where the surgeon cuts through the breastbone to access the chest cavity and the lungs.

As both of these techniques involve considerable recovery periods and pain for the patient, alternatives have been devised to provide access to lung cancer tumors and allow for less discomfort for the patient;

Anterior Limited Thoracotomy – known as “ALT” is performed on the front of the chest and involves a much smaller incision than thoracotomy or median sternotomy;

Anterioraxilary Thoracotomy – known as “AAT” involves an incision on the front of the chest close to the underarm; and

Posterolateral Thoracotomy – known as”PLT” involves an incision through the back or side of the chest area of the patient.

ALT in particular provides a less invasive option than a standard thoracotomy, and certainly results in reduced blood loss for the patient with a much reduced recuperation period and pain.

Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy or Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS)

VATS is a state-of-the-art surgical technique which allows for resection of tumors without the need for invasive, full-surgery.  A video camera allows the surgeon to see the interior of the patient’s chest and the location of cancer tumors using a high-powered television screen.  This provides a skilled surgeon with the ability to operate without actually opening up the patient and involves a much smaller set of incisions. 

As the incisions and surgical-invasion is significantly reduced, the patient experiences far less pain and enjoys a much reduced recuperation period post-operation.  The technique is not universally employed for two main reasons – firstly, the level of surgical skill required is very high and only highly skilled surgeons can utilize the technique successfully.In addition, as the surgeon is not provided with a full view of the area where the diseased tissue is located, it is possible to miss other cancer tumors or evidence of diseased tissue which a standard operation might uncover.

VATS is usually most appropriate for early stage lung cancer where there is no evidence that the disease has metastasized to other parts of the body or lungs themselves.

The Use of Other Therapies

Depending on the nature of the disease and the overall health of the patient, it is common for patients to undergo treatment pre and post-operation with chemotherapy and radiation treatment.  In certain instances, where surgery is not advisable, a patient may undergo such alternative therapies in combination or as stand-alone treatments, but the exact treatment regime which is advised for a patient depends on individual circumstances and the findings of the oncology team providing treatment.